The agriculture forms one of the pillars of the Paraguayan economy.
The Oriental Region has the most developed agriculture and includes almost all the grain production, cotton, sugarcane, citrus, and other crops. Agriculture is divided in Familiar Agriculture and Mechanized Agriculture.
Familiar Agriculture: These small holders are sparse in the whole country but mainly concentrated in the center of the Oriental Region. Their main activities are corn, mandioca, beans, and cotton.
Mechanized Agriculture: is the most developed group regarding technology use. A great proportion of this group includes Brazilian farmers of descendants of Brazilian farmers and other origins: Mennonites, Japanese, Germans, Paraguayans.
Main crop is soybean, but they also grow corn, wheat, and sunflower. This agriculture is developed in the Oriental Region, mainly along the Parana River in the southeastern and eastern areas, and is expanding towards the northeastern and center of the Oriental Region.